One of our roles is to review new laws that give police new powers or create new criminal offences, to evaluate how police implement these laws in practice, and suggest improvements to the law and police policies and practices.
In recent years, the NSW government has passed a number of laws aimed at assisting police to combat organised crime, in particular, bikie gangs. We are currently reviewing laws that:
- make it a criminal offence to habitually consort with convicted offenders
- give police the ability to restrict the activities of any members of a body that has been declared a ‘criminal organisation’
- give police the power to enter and search, without a warrant, premises of someone who has had a firearms prohibition order made against them or certain premises associated with reputed criminals.
We are also reviewing laws that:
- enable police to fine or charge a person who refuses to comply with a move on direction given because they are intoxicated and disorderly in a public place.
New consorting provisions came into effect on 9 April 2012 and are set out in the Crimes Act 1900. It is now an indictable offence punishable by up to 3 years imprisonment and/or a $16 500 fine to habitually consort with convicted offenders after receiving a warning from police.
Anyone can be warned or charged with consorting. Consorting includes face to face contact and other means of communication such as electronic media.
The provisions are being used by the NSW Police Force to address organised criminal activity and local crime issues.
The Ombudsman is required to review the operation of the consorting provisions and prepare a report for the Commissioner of Police and the Attorney General who will table it in Parliament.
We have released a paper outlining what we consider to be the main issues emerging from the use of the new consorting provisions in their first 12 months of operation.
We welcome your comments about the issues discussed in the paper and on any other aspects of the provisions and their operation. In particular, we seek information about the personal experiences of people who have been directly affected by the new consorting provisions.
Submissions are due by 28 February 2014.
Please send them to email@example.com.
Download our issues paper here.
Download a fact sheet about our review of the new consorting provisions here.
In April 2009, the Crimes (Criminal Organisations Control) Act 2009 was introduced. It created a scheme whereby police could apply to an eligible judge to have organisations declared as ‘criminal’. Once an organisation is declared, police can apply to have interim control orders and control orders imposed on members of the organisation to make association between controlled members a crime. Authorisations to engage in specified activities, such as work within certain high risk industries, is suspended when an interim control order or a control order is in place.
In June 2011 the High Court found that the 2009 legislation was invalid. Parliament passed a new Crimes (Criminal Organisations Control) Act 2012, which came into effect on 21 March 2012. We are required to keep the related police powers under scrutiny for four years from that date.
The 2012 Act required judges to give reasons when declaring an organisation ‘criminal’. Following a High Court decision about similar legislation from Queensland, Parliament further amended the 2012 Act. Proceedings for declarations and control orders will now take place in the Supreme Court, and a public interest monitor may be appointed to participate in the proceedings. The NSW Police Force may also apply to register interstate declarations and control orders so they can be enforced in NSW.
In 2011-12 we consulted with police about our information requirements for this review and anticipate holding stakeholder consultations as the new provisions are implemented. To make a written submission about this review please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
On 15 October 2013, Parliament passed the Firearms and Criminal Groups Legislation Amendment Act 2013.
The Act amended the Firearms Act 1996 and the Restricted Premises Act 1943.
The amendments to the Firearms Act give police officers the power to do the following things, without a search warrant, in relation to a person who is subject to a firearms prohibition order:
- detain the person
- enter any premises occupied by or under the person’s control or management
- stop and detain any vehicle, vessel or aircraft occupied by or under the person’s control or management.
We are required to keep under scrutiny the exercise of these powers for 2 years.
Under the Restricted Premises Act, officers already had the power to enter declared premises without a warrant, to search and seize liquor and drugs. The October 2013 amendments give them the additional power to search and seize, without a warrant, any weapon or explosive.
We are required to keep under scrutiny the exercise of these powers as well, for 2 years.
We are looking at new police powers to require drunk people being disorderly to move on from a public place, and to fine or charge a person who refuses to move away or returns to any public place in the next six hours.
Download a fact sheet about our review here.
In December 2012, we released an issues paper discussing matters relating to our review. Download the issues paper here.
We are currently in the process of completing the report of our findings to the Attorney General and Minister for Police.
Completed legislative reviews
Since 1998, we have reported our findings and recommendations to Parliament in over 20 legislative reviews. They have related to a range of topics including:
- the power to collect DNA samples from suspects
- the ability to search people in public places for knives
- the use of sniffer dogs to search people in public places for drugs, firearms or explosives
- giving people on-the-spot fines for certain criminal offences
- holding people suspected of involvement in terrorist-related activities in preventative detention
- emergency powers during riots to blocks roads and search people and cars.
The reports of our completed legislative reviews can be accessed on our publications page. We keep track of the implementation of the recommendations we have made and provide updated information in our annual report.
- Face coverings and indentification final report - August 2013
- Impact of Criminal Infringement Notices on Aboriginal communities - August 2009
- Consorting Issues paper - review of the use of the consorting provisions by the NSW Police Force - November 2013
- Fact sheet - review of the use of the consorting provisions - November 2013
- Review of certain functions conferred on police under the Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002
- Review of Parts 2A and 3 of the Terrorism (Police Powers) Act 2002